Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) bullets are designed with a soft core that is encased in a harder alloy metal. The purpose of this design is to help the bullet hold its trajectory, because FMJ bullets do not expand significantly when they hit their target. The harder jacket surrounding the soft core also reduces the amount of lead that is left behind in the barrel of the gun, resulting in less fouling. This design also promotes dependable feeding, with the jacket helping guide the bullet into the chamber of the gun.
Soft Point (SP) ammunition offers a versatile option for hunting and target shooting. SP bullets are designed to expand more than Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) rounds but penetrate better than Hollow Point (HP) rounds. This versatility makes them a popular choice in areas where HP rounds are banned. SP ammunition is also compatible with lever action rifles that may have issues feeding HP bullets due to its softer and smoother tip. Hunters and target shooters alike can benefit from using SP ammunition due to its ability to offer increased expansion and penetration, while also offering reliable feeding in lever action rifles.
Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) ammunition offers a reliable option for those looking to reduce collateral damage when shooting. JHP bullets are designed to expand upon impact with a target, reducing over-penetration and potential harm to unintended targets. These bullets are designed with a hollow cavity at the tip that is covered by a brass jacket. The jacket allows the bullet to maintain its shape and prevent deformation when fired, while the hollow point is designed to expand upon impact with the target. The expansion of the bullet upon impact causes more damage to the target, improving the bullet’s stopping power and resulting in quicker, more humane kills.
Hollow point bullets are easily identifiable by their hollow tips, which can have an indentation, dip, cup, or “x” mark. HP’s are commonly used for personal defense, hunting, and competition shooting because of their ability to expand upon impact with a target. The goal of creating a hollow point bullet is to achieve expansion upon impact, causing the bullet to bloom outward like a flower, creating a large wound cavity to take down the target immediately and prevent over-penetration for safety reasons.